Bruce Cumming

July 2019


(Select names for pdf)

  1. Read JCA, Cumming BG  (2019) The psychophysics of stereopsis can be explained without invoking independent ON and OFF channels. J Vision. 19(6):7.
  2. Quaia C, FitzGibbon EJ, Optican LM, Cumming BG (2018) Binocular Summation for Reflexive Eye Movements: A Potential Diagnostic Tool for Stereodeficiencies. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 59(15):5816-5822.
  3. Seemiller ES, Cumming BG, Candy TR (2018) Humna infants can generate vergence responses to retinal disparity by 5 to 10 weeks of age.  J Vision 18(6):17.
  4. Quaia C, Optican LM, Cumming BG (2018) Binocular summation for reflexive eye movements. J. Vision 18(4):7, 1-17.
  5. Bondy AG, Haefner RM, Cumming BG (2018) Feedback determines the structure of correlated variability in primary visual cortex. Nat Neurosci 21(4):598-606.
  6. Quaia C, Optican LM, Cumming BG.  (2017) Suppression and Contrast Normalization in Motion Processing.  J Neurosci.  Nov 8;37(45):11051-11066.
  7. Joiner WM, Cavanaugh J, Wurtz RH, Cumming BG. (2017) Visual Responses in FEF, Unlike V1, Primarily Reflect When the Visual Context Renders a Receptive Field Salient.  J Neurosci. Oct 11;37(41):9871-9879. 
  8. Read JCA, Cumming BG. (2017) Visual Perception: Neural Networks for Stereopsis. Curr Biol. Jun 19;27(12):R594-R596.
  9. Tarawneh G, Nityananda V, Rosner R, Errington S, Herbert W, Cumming BG, Read JCA, Serrano-Pedraza I.  (2017) Invisible noise obscures visible signal in insect motion detection. Sci Rep.  Jun 14;7(1):3496. 
  10. Quaia C, Optican LM, Cumming BG. (2017) Combining 1-D components to extract pattern information: It is about more than component similarity. J Vis. Mar 1;17(3):21.
  11. Clery S, cumming BG, Nienborg H (2017) Decision-related activity in macaque V2 for fine disparity discrimination is not compatible with optimal linear readout.  J. Neurosci. Jan 18;37(3):715-725.
  12. Henriksen S, Read JC, Cumming BG (2016) Neurons in striate cortex signal disparity in half-matched random-dot stereograms.  J. Neurosci Aug24;36(34):8967-76.
  13. Sheliga BM, Quaia C, FitzGibbon EJ, Cumming BG (2016) Human short-latency ocular vergence responses produced by interocular velocity differences.  J. Vis Aug 1;16(10):11.
  14. McFarland JM, Cumming BC, Butts DA (2016) Variability and correlations in primary visual cortical neurons driven by fixational eye movements.  J Neurosci Jun 8;36(23):6225-41
  15. Henriksen S, Cumming BG, Read JC (2016) A single mechanism can account for human perception of depth in mixed correlation random dot stereograms. PLoS Comput Biol May 19;12(5):e1004906.
  16. Quaia C, Optican LM, Cumming BG, (2016) A motion-from-form mechanism contributes to extracting pattern motion from plaids. J. Neuroscience 36(14)3903-3918.
  17. Cumming BG, Nienborg H. (2016) Feedforward and feedback sources of choice probability in neural population responses.  Curr Opin Neurobiol Apr;37:126-32.
  18. Sheliga BM, Quaia C, FitzGibbon EJ, Cumming BG (2016) Ocular-following responses to white noise stimuli in humans reveal a novel nonlinearity that results from temporal sampling. J. Vis 16(1):8
  19. Cicmil N, Cumming BG, Parker AJ, Krug K. (2015) Reward modulates the effect of visual cortical microstimulation on perceptual decisions. eLife 4:e07832.
  20. McFarland JM, Bondy AG,Saunders RC, Cumming BG, Butts DA (2015) Saccadic modulation of stimulus processing in primary visual cortex. Nature Communications 6:8110.
  21. Sheliga BM, Quaia C, FitzGibbon EJ, Cumming BG. (2015) Anisotropy in spatial summation properties of human Ocular-Following Response (OFR).Vision Research 109: 11–19.
  22. Cumming BG (2014) Gain from your own (moving) perspective. Nature Neuroscience 18, 8-9.
  23. McFarland JM, Bondy AG, Cumming BG, Butts DA. (2014) High-resolution eye tracking using V1 neuron activity. Nature Communications 5:4605
  24. Nienborg H, Cumming BG. (2014) Decision-related activity in sensory neurons may depend on the columnar architecture of cerebral cortex. J. Neurocsci. 34(10):3579-85.
  25. Tanabe S, Cumming BG. (2014) Delayed suppression shapes disparity selective responses in monkey V1. Articles in PresS. J Neurophysiol (February 5, 2014). doi:10.1152/jn.00426.
  26. Quaia C, Optican LM, Cumming BG. (2013) Terminator disparity contributes to stereo matching for eye movements and perception. J. Neurosci. 33(48):18867-18879.
  27. Sheliga BM, Quaia C, FitzGibbon EJ, Cumming BG. (2013) Retinal visual processing constrains human ocular following response. Vision Res. 93:29-42.
  28. Krug K, Cicmil N, Parker AJ, Cumming BG. (2013) A causal role for V5/MT neurons coding motion-disparity conjunctions in resolving perceptual ambiguity. Current Biology 23, 1454–1459,
  29. Quaia C, Sheliga BM, Optican LM, Cumming BG. (2013) Temporal evolution of pattern disparity processing in humans J Neurosci. 33(8):3465-76.
  30. Sheliga BM, Quaia C, Cumming BG, Fitzgibbon EJ. (2012) Spatial summation properties of the human ocular following response (OFR): Dependence upon the spatial frequency of the stimulus. Vision Res. 68:1-13.
  31. Nienborg H, Cohen MR, Cumming BG. (2012) Decision-related activity in sensory neurons: correlations among neurons and with behavior. Annu Rev Neurosci. 35:463-83.
  32. Tanabe S, Haefner RM, Cumming BG. (2011) Suppressive mechanisms in monkey v1 help to solve the stereo correspondence problem. J Neurosci 31(22):8295-305.
  33. Nienborg H, Cumming BG. (2009) Decision-related activity in sensory neurons reflects more than a neuron's causal effect. Nature 459:89-92.
  34. Haefner RM, Cumming BG. (2009) An improved estimator of variance explained in the presence of noise. Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 21: 585-592.
  35. Bredfeldt CE, Read, JCA, Cumming BG. (2009) A quantitative explanation of responses to disparity-defined edges in macaque V2. J. Neurophysiol 101: 701-713.
  36. Tanabe S, Cumming BG. (2008) Mechanisms underlying the transformation of disparity signals from V1 to V2 in the macaque. J Neurosci. 28(44):11304-14.
  37. Haefner RM, Cumming BG. (2008) Adaptation to natural binocular disparities in primate V1 explained by a generalized energy model. Neuron 57(1):147-58.
  38. Nienborg H, Cumming BG. (2007) Psychophysically measured task strategy for disparity discrimination is reflected in V2 neurons. Nature Neuroscience 10, 1608 - 1614.
  39. Read JC, Cumming BG. (2007) Sensors for impossible stimuli may solve the stereo correspondence problem.
    Nat Neurosci. 10:1322-8. Epub.
  40. Read JC, Cumming BG. (2006) Does depth perception require vertical-disparity detectors? J Vis. 6(12):1323-55.
  41. Nienborg H, Cumming BG. (2006) Macaque V2 neurons, but not V1 neurons, show choice-related activity.
    J Neurosci. 26(37):9567-78.
  42. Bredfeldt CE, Cumming BG. (2006) A simple account of cyclopean edge responses in macaque v2.
    J Neurosci. 26(29):7581-96.
  43. Read JCA and Cumming BG. (2005) All Pulfrich-like illusions can be explained without joint encoding of motion and disparity. Journal of Vision 5(11):901-27.
  44. Read JCA and Cumming BG. (2005) The stroboscopic Pulfrich effect is not evidence for the joint encoding of motion and depth. Journal of Vision, 5(5): 417-434.
  45. Read JCA and Cumming BG. (2005) The effect of interocular delay on disparity-selective V1 neurons: relationship to stereoacuity and the Pulfrich effect. Journal of Neurophysiology, 94: 1541-1553.
  46. Nienborg, H, Bridge, H, Parker, AJ and Cumming, BG. (2005) Neuronal computation of disparity in V1 limits temporal resolution for detecting disparity modulation. J. Neurosci. 25(44):10207-19.
  47. Read JCA, Cumming BG. (2004) Understanding the cortical specialization for horizontal disparity. Neural Computation 16(10):1983-2020.
  48. Read JCA, Cumming BG. (2003) Ocular dominance predicts neither strength nor class of disparity selectivity with random-dot stimuli in primate V1. J. Neurophysiol.90(5):2795-2817.
  49. Nienborg, H, Bridge, H, Parker, AJ and Cumming, BG. (2004) Receptive field size in V1 neurons limits acuity for perceiving disparity modulation. J Neurosci 24: 2065–2076.
  50. Krug, K, Cumming, BG and Parker, AJ. (2004) Comparing perceptual signals of single V5/MT neurons in two binocular depth tasks. J Neurophysiol 92: 1586-96
  51. Read JCA, Cumming BG. (2003) Testing quantitative models of binocular disparity selectivity in primary visual cortex  J Neurophysiol 90: 2795-2817.
  52. Read JCA, Cumming BG. (2003) Measuring V1 receptive fields despite eye movements in awake monkeys. J Neurophysiol 90: 946-960.
  53. Thomas OM, Cumming BG, Parker AJ. (2002) A specialization for relative disparity in V2. Nature Neuroscience 5(5):472-8.
  54. Parker, AJ, Krug, K and Cumming, BG. (2002) Neuronal activity and its links with perception. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 357: 1053-1062
  55. Read JCA, Parker AJ, Cumming BG. (2002) A simple model accounts for the response of disparity-tuned V1 neurons to anti-correlated images, Visual Neuroscience 19: 735-753 ERRATA
  56. Cumming, BG. (2002) An unexpected specialization for horizontal disparity in primate visual cortex. Nature 418:633-636.
  57. Prince SJD, Pointon AD, Cumming BG, Parker AJ. (2002) Quantitative analysis of responses of V1 Neurons to Horizontal Disparity in Dynamic Random Dot Stereograms. J Neurophysiol 87:191-208.
  58. Prince SJD, Cumming BG, Parker AJ. (2002) Range and mechanism of horizontal disparity encoding in macaque V1. J Neurophysiol 87:209-221.
  59. Bridge H, Cumming BG, Parker AJ. (2001) Modeling V1 neuronal responses to orientation disparity. Visual Neuroscience.
  60. Prince S, Offen S, Cumming BG, Eagle RA. (2001) The integration of orientation information in the motion correspondence problem. Perception 30:367-380.
  61. Dodd JV, Krug K, Cumming BG, Parker AJ. (2001) Perceptually bistable three-dimensional figures evoke high choice probabilities in cortical area MT. J Neuroscience 21:4809-4821.
  62. Bridge H, Cumming BG. (2001) Responses of Macaque V1 neurons to Binocular Orientation Differences. J Neuroscience 21:7293-7302.
  63. Prince SJD, Pointon AD, Cumming BG, Parker AJ. (2000) The Precision of Single Neuron Responses in Cortical Area V1 During Stereoscopic Depth Judgements. J Neuroscience 20:3387-3400.
  64. DeAngelis GC, Cumming BG, Newsome WT. (2000) A new role for cortical area MT: The perception of stereoscopic depth. In: The Cognitive Neurosciences (Gazzaniga M, ed), pp 305-314: MIT Press.
  65. Cumming BG, Parker AJ. (2000) Local Disparity Not Perceived Depth is Signalled by Binocular Neurons in Cortical Area V1 of the Macaque. J Neuroscience 20:4758-4767.
  66. Cumming BG, Parker AJ. (1999) Binocular Neurons in V1 of Awake Monkeys Are Selective for Absolute, not Relative, Disparity. J Neuroscience 19:5602-5618.
  67. DeAngelis GC, Cumming BG, Newsome WT. (1998) A new role for cortical area MT: The perception of stereoscopic depth. Nature 394:677-680.
  68. Cumming BG, Shapiro SE, Parker AJ. (1998) Disparity detection in anticorrelated stereograms. Perception 27:1367-1377.
  69. Cumming BG, Parker AJ. (1997) Responses of primary visual cortical neurons to binocular disparity without the perception of depth. Nature 389:280-283.
  70. Bradshaw MF, Cumming BG (1997) The Direction of Retinal Motion Facilitates Binocular Stereopsis. Proc Roy Soc B 264:1421-1427
  71. Cumming BG (1995) The Relationship Between Stereoacuity and Stereomotion Thresholds. Perception 24:105-114.
  72. Johnston EB, Cumming BG, Landy MS (1994) Integration of Stereo and Motion Shape Cues. Vision Res 34:2259-2275.
  73. Cumming BG, Parker AJ (1994) Binocular Mechanisms for detecting Motion-in-depth. Vision Res 34:483-496.
  74. Wolpert DM, Miall RC, Cumming BG, Boniface S (1993) Retinal adaptation of visual processing time delays. Vision Res 33:1421-1430.
  75. Jones GJ, Christou CG, Cumming BG, Parker AJ, Zisserman AP (1993) Accurate rendering of curved shadows and interreflections. Proceedinigs of the Fourth Eurographics Workshop on Rendering 10:337-347.
  76. Johnston EB, Cumming BG, Parker AJ (1993) Integration of Depth Modules: Stereo and Texture. Vision Res 33:813-882.
  77. Cumming BG, Johnston EB, Parker AJ (1993) Effects of different Texture Cues on Curved Surfaces Viewed Stereoscopically. Vision Res 33:827-282.
  78. Parker AJ, Christou CG, Cumming BG, Johnston EB (1992) The analysis of 3-D shape: Psychophysical principles and neural mechanisms. In: Approaches to Understanding Vision (Humphreys GW, ed), pp 143-179. Oxford: Blackwell
  79. Cumming BG, Johnston EB, Parker AJ (1991) Vertical disparities and perception of three-dimensional shape. Nature 349:411-413.
  80. Judge SJ, Cumming BG (1986) Neurons in the monkey midbrain with activity related to vergence eye movement and accommodation. J Neurophysiol 55:915--930.
  81. Cumming BG, Judge SJ (1986) Disparity-induced and blur-induced convergence eye movement and accommodation in the monkey. J Neurophysiol 55:896--914.
  82. Cumming BG, Judge SJ (1984) Neural mechanisms of convergence and accommodation. In: Theoretical and applied aspects of eye movement research. (Gale AG, Johnson F, eds). Amsterdam: North-Holland.


Invited reviews and book chapters

  1. Quaia C, FitzGibbon EJ, Optican LM, Cumming BG (2019) Motion and binocular disparity processing: Two sides of two different coins. Progress in Brain Research 248:157-166.
  2. Nienborg H, Cumming BG. (2010) Correlations between the activity of sensory neurons and behavior: how much do they tell us about a neuron's causality? Curr Opin Neurobiol 20: 376-81.
  3. Cumming B. (2009) PMF: climbing the disparity gradient for twenty years. Perception 38: 885-7; discussion 892-3.
  4. Bridge H. Cumming BG. (2008) Representation of binocular surfaces by cortical neurons. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 18(4):425-30.
  5. Cumming BG. (2002) Stereopsis: Where Depth is Seen. Current Biology 12:R93-R95.
  6. Parker AJ, Cumming BG. (2001) Cortical Mechanisms of binocular stereoscopic vision. Progress in Brain Research 134:chapter 14.
  7. Cumming BG, DeAngelis GC. (2001) The physiology of stereopsis. Annu Rev Neurosci 24:203-238.
  8. Parker AJ, Cumming BG, Dodd JV (2000) Binocular neurons and the perception of depth. In: The Cognitive Neurosciences (Gazzaniga M, ed), pp 263-278: MIT Press.
  9. Cumming BG. (1998) A sense of direction: going with the flow. Nature Neuroscience 1:6-8.
  10. Cumming BG. (1997) How the Brain sees Depth. Current Biology 7:R645-647.
  11. Parker AJ, Harris JM, Cumming BG, Sumnall JH. (1996) Binocular Correspondence in Stereoscopic Vision. Eye 10.
  12. Cumming BG. (1994) Motion in Depth. In: Visual Detection of Motion (Smith AT, Snowdon RJ, eds), pp 333-366. London: Academic Press.
  13. Parker AJ, Cumming BG, Johnston EB, Hurlbert AC. (1994) Multiple cues for 3-D visual shape. In: The Cognitive Neurosciences (Gazzaniga M, ed), pp 263-277. Cambridge: MIT press.